Implementing advance directives—An international literature review of important considerations for nurses

Dowling, Teresa and Kennedy, Sara and Foran, Sinead (2020) Implementing advance directives—An international literature review of important considerations for nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 28 (6). pp. 1177-1190. ISSN 0966-0429

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Aim(s): To review the global literature on the implementation of advance health care directives to date, and the experiences of the health care professionals who must initiate the discussions around advance care planning, as well as support patients' ultimate decisions. Background: Ireland's Assisted Decision-Making (Capacity) Act 2015 legalizes advance health care directives. It promotes the autonomy of the person and enables them to have treatment in accordance with their will and preferences. However, there is professional uncertainty on how to support and integrate assisted decision-making. Evaluation: 16 studies featuring the views of health care professionals are included and evaluated using a framework of ‘benefits versus challenges’. Key issue(s): Four themes clearly emerge during the review process: the concept of capacity and who decides; autonomy versus paternalism—conflict among the health care professional/patient/family caregiver triad; barriers to advance directives; and timing issues. Conclusion(s): Significant benefits of advance health care directives exist for all parties including less stress for patients and families alike, less burden and less residual guilt for surviving relatives, and an over-arching prevention of ‘crisis’ decision-making. Implications for Nursing Management: This review highlights the central role of the nurse in empowering patients to express their wills and preferences, supporting patients' capacity to make decisions about their own care, initiating end-of-life care discussions and advocating to have advance health care directives acknowledged. Moreover, it identifies the challenges ahead for all nurse managers in implementing this new mandate.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This review forms part of a funded research study—funding is from an educational research scholarship. The study was funded by the CARE Collaboration [Clinical and Academic Research Excellence project between the Nursing and Midwifery Planning and Development Unit South East, Health Service Executive & Waterford Institute of Technology]. Publisher Copyright: © 2020 John Wiley & Sons Ltd
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2900/2911
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Depositing User: Admin SSL
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2022 23:04
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2023 22:25

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