A comparative analysis of pharmacists' perspectives on codeine use and misuse - A three country survey

Carney, Tara and Wells, John and Parry, Charles D.H. and McGuinness, Padraig and Harris, Richard and Van Hout, Marie Claire (2018) A comparative analysis of pharmacists' perspectives on codeine use and misuse - A three country survey. Substance Abuse: Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, 13 (1). ISSN 1747-597X

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Background: The misuse of codeine is of increasing concern in a number of countries, particularly as this relates to over -the-counter pain and cough relief medication, and is also supplied as a prescription medicine. The study aimed to obtain and analyse the opinions and experience of pharmacy staff with regard to codeine misuse. Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey of pharmacy staff's perspectives on this issue was administered through professional or regulatory bodies and completed by samples drawn in South Africa (n=124), Ireland (n=464) and the United Kingdom (n=129). Results: The majority of participants reported combination codeine-containing products as most popular, but significantly more pharmacy staff in South Africa reported codeine-containing cough syrups as most commonly popular (X2=122.7(2), p<0.001). Codeine use was also seen significantly more of a public health problem in South Africa than in the other two countries (X2=7.6(2), p=0.02). There was no difference across countries in the level of codeine misuse reported by pharmacy staff. Further findings indicate that professional training and education is desired, with unequivocal findings for the need for greater codeine control (X2=12.0(2), p=0.002). Conclusion: In conclusion, there were some inter-country differences, but overall the findings seem to suggest that pharmacists across all three countries view codeine misuse as a problem among their customers. Recommendations centre on risk management, surveillance and staff training.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Funding Information: This research project was reviewed by the South African Medical Research Council, Waterford Institute of Technology and Kings College London, and ethics approval was obtained. Proof of ethics approval can be provided upon request. Funding Information: The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Community’s Seventh Framework Programme FP7/2007–2013 under grant agreement no 611736. Publisher Copyright: © 2018 The Author(s).
Uncontrolled Keywords: /dk/atira/pure/subjectarea/asjc/2700/2719
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Depositing User: Admin SSL
Date Deposited: 19 Oct 2022 23:12
Last Modified: 15 Aug 2023 16:05
URI: http://repository-testing.wit.ie/id/eprint/4650

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